The port-city interface concept is over three decades old and was introduced to understand and study the disconnection of the urban and maritime economy. As containerization and automation decreased demand for manual labour in cargo-handling and as port-industrial activities increasingly became incompatible with inner-city waterfront locations, a disruption was identified in a once symbiotic relationship which manifested itself in a specific area of conflict and change: the interface. Arguably starting at New York’s Battery Park and London’s Docklands, the interface became a ‘planners delight’ for urban renewal of decaying waterfronts across the globe.
In response to the Port of Rotterdam’s need for solid knowledge, Erasmus University has bundled its maritime and port-related research and education in SmartPort@Erasmus, the center of excellence offering port related education and research. It aims to connect students, academics and practitioners from the private and public sector. SmartPort@Erasmus research and education connects multiple disciplines to create win-win-win situations.
The Green EFFORTS, "Green and Effective Operations at Terminals and in Ports", is a collaborative research project, co-funded by the European Commissions under the Seventh Framework Program, aiming at the reduction of energy consumption and improving a clear energy mix in the seaports and at terminals. Existing and upcoming stricter air quality regulations together with the need to reduce energy consumption are raising ports and terminals' awareness of their carbon footprint.