M.K. (Mohammadreza) Khodatars MSc

Mohammadreza Khodatars
Erasmus School of Economics (ESE)
Erasmus University Rotterdam
ERIM PhD Candidate
Field: Strategy & Entrepreneurship
Affiliated since 2018

Mohammadreza [Arman] Khodatars (1991) is a PhD candidate at the Erasmus School of economics, Strategy & Entrepreneurship. One of the most important aspects of everybody’s life, if not the
most important, is their job. The question is “Did you choose your job? or did it choose you?”. In this research, psychological profile of the self-employed are brought under focus to see how they differ
from wage workers mentally. Then it can be seen if there is a destiny engraved in the depth of your mind that dictates you to become self-employed or to be a wage worker in an organization. Until now, it is assumed that people with certain characteristics
based on different models (e.g. big five), are more likely to become entrepreneurs. Characteristics like “Openness to experience” and “Extraversion”. Here, it will be taken to the next level to see where people fall in a spectrum of mental health and disorders based on their occupation and how this spectrum can define your future employment. Sincerely, Arman.
Supervisors: Prof. Dr. Roy Thurik and Dr. Jolanda Hessels.


PhD Track Self-employment, unemployment and health

Unemployment is a major concern for both labor force participants and for policy makers. Employers may be reluctant to hire unemployed individuals, since unemployment may be viewed as a sign of low ability, and self-employment can be an important route for the unemployed to (re-)enter the labor force. The unemployed are indeed more likely to become self-employed than wage worker. At the same time health is a factor that determines entry into self-employment. There is a health barrier for entry into self-employment since healthy individuals are, for example, more likely to recognize promising start-up opportunities and have greater confidence in their skills to run a business successfully which enhances their likelihood to become self-employed. Health may be a particular concern for the unemployed (e.g., health can be a factor that contributed to their unemployment status) which makes it important to investigate the relation between unemployment and health and how this affects self-employment entry, performance and exit. This is exactly the focus of the current research. Important questions to address are: How do different aspects of health (e.g., physical and mental health) affect self-employment entry and performance of the unemployment? Are those who experienced a prior spell of unemployment more likely to exit self-employment and what is the role of health in this?

Keywords
Occupational choice, labor market entry, labor market performance, labor market exit, entrepreneurship economics and health economics.
Time frame
2018 -

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