Events and Training

Upcoming:


Title: Methodological Innovation: Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA)
Type: Seminar
Date: 12 December 2018
Time: 12:30-14:00 hours
Place: Nijmegen School of Management, Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands. 
Description: Introduction to NCA. Application example of NCA. 
Presenters: Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, Netherlands), Wifred Knol (Institute for Management Research, Radboud University, Nijmegen, and HAN University of Applied Sciences, Arnhem, Netherlands)
WebsiteNijmegen School of Management , contact Sander Meijerink


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis. Method and Applications
Type: Track at the EURAM conference 2019
Date: 26-28 June 2019 
Place: ISCTE - Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL) Lisbon, Portugal
Description: Track open for presentation of papers or paper ideas. Submission deadline January 15, 2019.
Fees: part of the EURAM conference fee
Track organizers: Sven Hauff, Helmut Schmidt University (track chair), Jan Dul, Rotterdam School of Management (track co-chair), Florence Allard-Poesi, Université Paris-Est (track co-chair), Nicole Franziska Richter, University of Southern Denmark (track co-chair).
WebsiteEURAM 2019


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis. (NCA) – Theory and Practice
Type: 1-day Quick Summer Course
Date: Summer 2019
Place: Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Netherlands
Description: In this 1 day hands-on course you will gain an understanding of the logic of necessary conditions, and why these are important for social science and practice. You will be able to identify necessary conditions in an (own) dataset. 
Fees: €250
ECTS: 1
Instructor: Jan Dul, Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Netherlands
Website: (pervious summer course) Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM) - Necessary Condition Analysis Summer School.


Archive:

Archive Events

Title: Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA) 
Type: Guest lecture
Date: 19 September 2018
Place: University of Notre Dame, USA
Description: part of a QCA course by Gary Goertz, Kellogg Institute for International Studies
Instructor: Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University) 
Website: Kellogg Institute of International Studies


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA) – Theoretical background and applications for data analysis
Type: Professional Development workshop at the 32th annual conference of the Britisch Academy of Management
Date: 4 September 2018, 11:00 AM-12:30 AM
Place:  Bristol Business School, Room 3X110, Bristol, UK
Description: The logic of NCA, The data analysis approach of NCA
Fees: part of British Academy of Management Annual Conference
ECTS: -
Instructors: Zsófia Tóth (Nottingham University Business School)  and Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University) 
Website: Britisch Academy of Management annual conference 


Title: Identifying critical success factors of ergonomics programs. Necessary condition analysis (NCA) and its application to Prevention and Management of Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders
Type: 4 hour workshop
Date: 26 August, 2018, 9:00 AM - 1:30 PM 
Place: room “Giotto”, Palazzo Affari. Palazzo dei Congressi, Florence, Italy
Description: The first part is a theoretical lecture on NCA, demonstrating the application and practice of NCA. The second part is on the application of NCA in the field of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD). The third part presents the findings from a study that applied NCA and two qualitative analysis to identify necessary conditions for successful outcomes for the prevention and management of WMSDs.
Fees: part of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018)
Convenors: Jean Mangharam, WorkSafe WA, Perth, Australia and Jan Dul, Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Netherlands
Website: IEA 2018


Title: NCA community building
Type: Social event at the 78th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management Academy (FREE DRINKS)
Date: Sunday, 12 August 2018, 4:30 PM to 6:00 PM
Place: The Chi Bar of the Sheraton Grand Chicago (Located in the center of the hotel lobby), Chicago, Ilinois, USA
Description: In addition to the PDW on NCA, during the social event during you can meet fellow colleagues interested in NCA and ask any questions you might have about the method. The social is open for everyone who is interested in using NCA.
Instructors: Hosts: Jan Dul, Stefan Breet, Henk van Rhee (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University)
Website: Academy of Management Annual conference


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA). Logic, Theory, Methodology, and Applications.
Type: Professional Development Workshop at the 78th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management Academy
Date: 11 August 2018, 10:45 AM - 12:45 PM (You can add this PDW to your conference program here)
Place: Sheraton Grand Chicago, Room Michigan A,B,  Chicago, Ilinois, USA
Description: Part 1: The logic of necessary conditions and comparison with conventional additive logic (e.g., regression). Part 2: Application of NCA in theory building and testing (including use of NCA software)  
Fees: part of Academy of Management Annual Conference
Instructors: Jan Dul, Stefan Breet, Henk van Rhee (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University)
Website: Academy of Management Annual conference


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis. (NCA) – Theory and Practice
Type: 1-day Quick Summer Course
Date: 2 July 2018
Place: Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Netherlands
Description: In this 1 day hands-on course you will gain an understanding of the logic of necessary conditions, and why these are important for social science and practice. You will be able to identify necessary conditions in an (own) dataset. 
Fees: €250
ECTS: 1
Instructor: Jan Dul, Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Netherlands
Website: Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM) - Necessary Condition Analysis Summer School.


Title: Methodological Innovation: Necessary Condition Analysis
Type: Symposium at EURAM conference 2018
Date: 21 June 2018, 11:00-12:30 
Place: University of Iceland, University Square Building - HT 103, Reykjavik, Iceland
Description: Panel discussion about the backgrounds of NCA and applications of NCA in HRM, Marketing/NPD, Strategy, and other business fields.
Fees: part of the EURAM conference fee
ECTS: -
Panellists: Anabel Fernandez (University of Valencia, Spain), Sven Hauff (Helmut Schmidt University, Hamburg), Zsofia Toth (Nottingham University Business School), Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University)
WebsiteEURAM 2018


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis. Theory and applications.
Type: Workshop at the Doctoral Colloquium of the  EURAM conference 2018
Date: 19 June 2018, 12:00-13:00
Place: University of Iceland, Room V-008, Reykjavik, Iceland
Description: Introduction to NCA. Theory building and testing with NCA (including software demonstration). Publishing NCA papers.
Fees: part of the EURAM conference
ECTS: -
Presenter: Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University)
WebsiteEURAM 2018


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA) – Ein neuer Blick auf Kausalität und Datenanalyse (in German)
Type: Pre-conference workshop at the German Academic Association for Business Research
Date: 23 May 2018
Place: Magdeburg University, Magdeburg, Germany.
Description: Introduction of NCA.
Fees: -
ECTS:-
Lecturer: Sven Hauff , Helmut Schmidt University, Hamburg
Website: German Academic Association for Business Research 


Title: Rigor and Relevance with Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA)
Type: Master Tutorial at the 2018 Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology 
Date: 19 April 2018, 3:30 -5:00 pm  
Place: Room Superior B, Sheraton Grand Chicago, Chicago, USA
Description: After the tutorial participants will be able to:
1.      Explain the differences between necessity logic and traditional additive logic.
2.      Describe the relevance of necessary conditions for theory and practice.
3.      Formulate necessary condition hypotheses in their own research field.
4.      Identify/test potential necessary conditions with (own) data sets.The logic of NCA, The data analysis approach of NCA, and How to publish papers with NCA. 
Fees: part of the 2018 SIOP conference 
Instructor: Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University) 
Website: SIOP 2018


Title: Methodological Innovation: Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA)
Type: Seminar
Date: 8 March 2018, 9:00-10:30
Place: INSEAD Business School, Salle M, Fontainebleau, France; Room 203B, Singapore
Description: Part 1: Theory and Logic. Part 2: Applications
Fees: This workshop is for INSEAD staff and PhD-students. Others, please contact Alina Jacquet
Instructor: Jan Dul, Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Netherlands
Website: INSEAD Business School 


Title: Methodological Innovation: Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA)
Type: Seminar on Engineering Systems 
Date: 14 March 2018, 14:00-15:00
Place: DTU Technical University of Denmark, Department of Management Engineering, DTU Lyngby Campus, Building 424, Room 025, Copenhagen, Denmark
Description: Introduction to Necessary Condition Analysis
Fees: This seminar is for DTU staff and students. Others, please contact Ole Broberg
Instructor: Jan Dul, Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Netherlands
WebsiteDTU Department of Management Engineering


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA)
Type:  Seminar 
Date: 7 February 2018, 16:00-17:30
Place: School of Social Social Sciences, Samuel Alexander Building, Room A114, University of Manchester, UK
Description: Necessary Condition Analysis: underlying logic, data analysis approach and potential synergies with Social Network Analysis.
Fees: This seminar is part of the Michell Centre Seminar series. Please contact Elisa Bellotti
Presenters: Zsofia Toth, Univerisity of Nottingham Business School and Jan Dul, Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Netherlands
Website: The Michell Centre


Title: Complementing NCA with QCA
Type: Presentations at 5th International QCA Expert Workshop 2017
Date: 13-14 December 2017
Place: Zurich, Switzerland 
Description: Discussion on the difference between QCA's "in kind" necessity approach: "presence (absence) of X is necessary for presence (absence)" with NCA's "in degree" necessity approach: "level of X is necessary for level of Y". 
Fees: Invited workshop. Contact Johannes Meuer
Presenters: Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University), Zsofia Toth (Nottingham University Business School)
WebsiteETH Zurich 


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis
Type: Seminar
Date: 28 November 2017  
Place: University of Oxford, UK
Description: The logic of NCA, The data analysis approach of NCA, Statistical inference with NCA
Fees: This seminar is for University of Oxford staff and students. Others, please contact Zsofia Toth.
ECTS: -
Presenters: Zsofia Toth (Nottingham University Business School) and Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University)
Websitehttps://www.nuffield.ox.ac.uk/


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA)
Type: Papers presented at 10th International Conference of the Dutch HRM Network
Date: 9 & 10 November 2017 
Place:  Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands
Description: NCA in sustainable HRM; NCA in high performance work practices.
Fees: part of conference fee
ECTS: -
Presenters: Sven Hauff (Helmut Schmidt University, Germany), Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Netherlands) 
WebsiteDutch HRM-network 


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis
TypeResearch Seminar
Date: 26 October 2017  
Place: George Washington University, Washington, D.C., USA, Department of Management, Duques 451 
Description: The logic of NCA, The data analysis approach of NCA, and How to publish papers with NCA (see details).
Fees: -
ECTS:
Presenter: Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University)
WebsiteDepartment of Management
Contact person: Herman Aguinis


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis
Type: Professional Development Workshop at the 2017 Annual Conference of the Academy of International Business - US Southeast Chapter
Date: 27 October 2017, 4-5:15 pm  
Place: University of the District of Columbia, Washington, D.C., USA
Description: The logic of NCA, The data analysis approach of NCA, and How to publish papers with NCA (see details).
Fees: part of 2017 Annual Conference of the Academy of International Business - US Southeast Chapter
ECTS: -
Instructor: Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University) 
Website2017 Annual Conference of the Academy of International Business - US Southeast Chapter


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA) - A novel view on causality and on empirical data analysis
Type: Short course
Date: 12 October 2017, 10:00 am - 15:00pm
Place: Hamburg Business School, Hamburg University, Germany
Description: Backgrounds of NCA. How to apply NCA. Theoretical and practical implications of NCA findings. Statistical inference with NCA. NCA Software. How to publish papers with NCA.
Fees: Please contact Sven Hauff to register for the course (until 5 October, 2017)
ECTS: - 
Instructor: Sven Hauff (Helmut Schmidt University) and Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University)
Website: Hamburg Business School


Title: More Rigor and Relevance with NCA.
Type: Professional Development workshop at the 31th annual conference of the British Academy of Management
Date: 5 September 2017, 13:30 -15:00pm  
Place:  University of Warwick, UK (Room Oculus OC1.07, Oculus Building)
Description: The logic of NCA, The data analysis approach of NCA, and How to publish papers with NCA.
Fees: part of British Academy of Management Annual Conference
ECTS: -
Instructor: Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University) 
Website: British Academy of Management annual conference 


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis
Type: Seminar at the Partnerships Resource Centre
Date: 30 June 2017, 13:00-15:00
Place: Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, Netherlands, Room T3-42
Description: Backgrounds of NCA. How to apply NCA in quantitative and qualitative research. Theoretical and practical implications of NCA findings.
Fees: -
ECTS:-
Presenter: Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University)
Website: Partnerships Resource Centre
Contact person: Addisu Lashitew


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA)
Type: Joint seminar of the department of Marketing and the department of Management and Technology of Bocconi University Milan
Date: 29 June 2017; 12:45-14:00
Place: Bocconi University, Room 4.E4.SR03, Via Roentgen, Milan, Italy
Description: Backgrounds of NCA. How to apply NCA. Theoretical and practical implications of NCA findings. How to publish papers with NCA.
Fees: -
ECTS:-
Presenter: Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University)
Website: Department of Marketing and Department of Management and Technology
Contact person: Ioannis Evangelides


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis. Theory and Practice
Type: 2-day Summer course
Date: 26-27 June 2017
Place: Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University (Netherlands)
Description: In this 2 day hands-on course you will gain a deep understanding of the logic of necessary conditions, and why these are important for social science and practice. You will be able to identify necessary conditions in an (own) dataset, and to combine NCA with other research methods including regression and fsQCA. You will be able to report the results in an academic work (papers, articles, PhD thesis) in a convincing and attractive way.
Fees: €500
ECTS: 2 
Instructor: Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University)
Website: Necessary Condition Analysis Summer School


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis
Type: Doctoral Colloquium of the European Academy of Management (EURAM)
Date: 19-20 June 2017
Place: University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland
Description: NCA is part of a 2 day program for PhD candidates. After a plenary introduction of NCA on 19th June, NCA is discused in two sessions. Session 1 "Understanding the Principles and Backgrounds", compares NCA with OLS, including examples of NCA's theoretical and practical impact. In session 2 "Application and Publication" participants perform an NCA analysis on their own data, with  discussion on how interpret findings, and how to publish with NCA, including how to handle reviewer reactions.
Fees: part of the EURAM doctoral program
ECTS: - 
Instructors: Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University) and Zsófia Tóth (Nottingham University Business School) 
Website: EURAM Doctoral Colloquium 2017


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA).
Type: Professional Development Workshop at the 26th annual conference of the International Purchasing and Supply Education and Research Association (IPSERA).
Date: 11 April 2017 (8:30-10:00 part 1; 10:30-12:00 part 2) 
Place:  Budapest, Hungary (Balatonfüred, Anna Grand Hotel, Room Vivamus II)     
Description: The logic of NCA, The data analysis approach of NCA, and How to publish papers with NCA 
Fees: part of 26th annual IPSERA Conference
ECTS: -
Instructors: Zsófia Tóth (Nottingham University Business School)  and Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University) 
Websitehttp://ipsera2017.com/personal-development-workshops/


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA)
Type: Research Seminar
Date: 6 April, 2017
Place: Room 5412.0039, Zernike Campus, Duisenberg building. Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Groningen, Netherlands
Description: Introduction to NCA. 
Fees: - 
ECTS: - 
Presenter: Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University)
Contact person: Kees Jan Roodbergen (k.j.roodbergen@rug.nl)


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA)
Type: Research Seminar
Date: 31 January, 2017
Place: Department of  Management, Faculty of Economics, University of Valencia, Spain
Description: Introduction to NCA. 
Fees: - 
ECTS: - 
Presenter: Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University)
Contact person:  Anabel Fernández  (anabel.fernandez@uv.es)


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA)
Type: Research Seminar
Date: 19 January 2017, 12:00-13:00
Place: Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands
Description: Introduction to NCA. 
Fees: - 
ECTS: - 
Presenter: Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University)
Contact person:  Sjir Uitdewilligen, Maastricht University


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA)
Type: Research Seminar
Date: 15 December 2016, 14:00-15:00
Place: Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, Netherlands (Room 08A-44)
Description: Introduction to NCA. 
Fees: - 
ECTS: - 
Instructor: Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University)
Website:  Jelle de Vries (contact person)


Title: 4th International QCA Expert Workshop
Type: 2-day workshop
Date: 7-8 December, 2016
Place: Aula University of Zurich (Switserland)
Description: This workshop focuses on the methodology and application of Qualitative Comparative Analysis. Gary Goertz will have a keynote presentation on causal mechanisms and necessary conditions, and Jan Dul will discuss why NCA intentifies more necessary conditions than fsQCA.
Contact: Johannes Meuer (jmeuer@ethz.ch)
Website: http://www.sustec.ethz.ch/research/methods/qca-expert-workshop1.html


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis in ergonomics
Type: mini-course
Date: 17 November, 2016
Place: Hotel Golden Tulip Recife Palace, Recife (Brasil)
Description: Application of necessary conditions analysis in human factors/ergonomcs. A necessity theory of ergonomics. Necessary condition data analysis. 
Fees: part of the 1st International Conference on Applied Ergonomics (CONAERG). Contact Marcelo Soares (soaresmm@gmail.com)
ECTS: -
Instructor: Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University)
Website: https://doity.com.br/1-conaerg


Title: Combining Rigor and Relevance with Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA)
Type: Short course
Date: 20 October 2016, 10:00-15:00 
Place: Helmut Schmidt University, Hamburg, Germany
Description: The research seminar consists of a one hour lecture for a general audience in which NCA is introduced, and a subsequent 4 hour Clinic including lunch consisting of two parts. The first part discusses NCA and its application to the participants' research fields. The second part consists of a software demonstration and exercise/analysis by the participants on their own dataset/laptop.
Fees: Please contact Sven Hauff to register for the Clinic
ECTS: - 
Instructor: Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University)
Website: Helmut Schmidt University


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA).
Type: Research Seminar at the Rotterdam School of Managment
Date: 22 September 2016; 12:00 - 13:00 
Place:  Rotterdam, NL
Description: Introduction to NCA
Fees: -
ECTS: -
Instructor: Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University) 
WebsiteRotterdam School of Management 


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA).
Type: Professional Development workshop at the 30th annual conference of the Britisch Academy of Management
Date: 6 September 2016; 9:30 - 11:00 
Place:  Newcastle, UK
Title: Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA).
Description: The logic of NCA, The data analysis approach of NCA, and How to publish papers with NCA. See PDW5 at the BAM website 
Fees: part of British Academy of Management Annual Conference
ECTS: -
Instructors: Zsófia Tóth (Nottingham University Business School)  and Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University) 
Website: Britisch Academy of Management annual conference 


Title: The application of NCA to the human factors/ergonomics field
Type: Keynote address at the NCA at the 48th annual conference Nordic Ergonomics and Human Factors Society conference (NES 2016) 
Date: 14- 17 August 2016
Place: Kuopio, Finland
Description: In his keynote Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Netherlands) will show how human factors/ergonomics researchers and practitioners can apply the NCA method for identifying critical ergonomics factors that must be in place for a desired outcome.  
Website: Nordic Ergonomics and Human Factors Society annual conference (NES 2016)


Title: Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA).
Type: 3 hour Professional Development workshop at the 76th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management Academy
Date: 6 August 2016; 11:15AM - 2:15PM, 
Place: Room 209A, Anaheim Convention Center, Anaheim, California, USA
Description: Introduction to NCA. The importance of necessary conditions. Examples of necessary conditions in general life and in organizational settings. The theoretical and practical relevance of necessary conditions. Types of necessary conditions. Data analysis with NCA Exercises. 
Fees: part of Academy of Management Annual Conference
ECTS: -
Instructor: Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University)
Website: Academy of Management Annual conference 


Title: NCA at the European Academy of Management conference (EURAM 2016)
Type: Paper presentations 
Date: 1 and 2 June 2016
Place: Paris, France
Description: Three papers with NCA will be presented by:
Gerwin van der Laan (Tilburg University of Technology, Netherlands): Corporate Social Performance: A Necessary Condition Analysis (June 1, Slot 2, 10:50 - 12:20, IAE Building - Room 203).
Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Netherlands) and James LeBreton (Pennsylvania State University, USA): A new methodology for analysing necessary but not sufficient conditions: Comparing NCA with OLS (June 1, Slot 2, 10:50 - 12:20,Langues Building - Room 401). 
Romaric Servajean-Hilst (École Polytechnique, Palaiseau, Île-de-France, France): Best and worst practice for governing vertical innovation cooperations, A Necessary Condition Analysis (June 2, Slot 4, 9:00 - 10:30, FSEG Building - Room 310).
WebsiteEuropean Academy of Management Annual Conference


Archive Training

Title: Necessary Condition Analysis. Theory and Practice
Type: 2-day Summer course
Date: 20-21 June 2016
Place: Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University (Netherlands)
Description: In this 2 day hands-on course you will gain a deep understanding of the logic of necessary conditions, and why these are important for social science and practice. You will be able to identify necessary conditions in an (own) dataset, and to combine NCA with other research methods including regression and fsQCA. You will be able to report the results in an academic work (papers, articles, PhD thesis) in a convincing and attractive way.
Fees: €500
ECTS: 2 
Instructor: Jan Dul (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University)
Website:  Necessary Condition Analysis Summer School


NCA Courses:

  • Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), Erasmus University, Netherlands (2-day course)

NCA Seminars (until 2015):

  • Nottingham University Business School, Nottingham University, UK, December 2, 2015
  • Department of Psychology, Oslo University, Norway, November 5, 2015
  • Department of Psychology, Penn State University, USA, October, 15, 2015
  • Innovation, Technology, Entrepreneurship and Marketing Group, Eindhoven University, Netherlands, September 2, 2015
  • Deakin Business School, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia (August 13, 2015)
  • School of Economics and Management, Tilburg University, Netherlands (March 24, 2015 
  • Department of Strategy and Entrepreneurship, Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Netherlands (April 14, 2015)
  • Department of Marketing Research, Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Netherlands (April 30, 2015)
  • Department of Technology and Operations Management, Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Netherlands (October 6, 2014)