Substantive publications

Journal papers (* NCA is the main method)


  • Karwowski, M., Dul, J., Gralewski, J., Jauk, E., Jankowska, D.M., Gajda, A., Chruszczewski, M.H., Benedek, M. (2016). Is creativity without intelligence possible? A Necessary Condition Analysis, Intelligence 57, 105-117.*
  • Karwowski, M., Kaufman, J. C., Lebuda, I., Szumski, G., & Firkowska-Mankiewicz, A. (2017). Intelligence in childhood and creative achievements in middle-age: The necessary condition approach. Intelligence, 64, 36-44.
  • Shi, B., Wang, L., Yang, J., Zhang, M., & Xu, L. (2017). Relationship between Divergent Thinking and Intelligence: An Empirical Study of the Threshold Hypothesis with Chinese Children. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 254.



  • Arenius, P., Engel, Y., & Klyver, K. (2017). No particular action needed? A necessary condition analysis of gestation activities and firm emergence. Journal of Business Venturing Insights, 8, 87-92.*

Human resource management:

  • Garg, N. (2017). Workplace Spirituality and Employee Well-being: An Empirical Exploration. Journal of Human Values 23(2), 129-147.*




Proceedings, working papers, chapters, theses (* NCA is the main method)


  • Albuquerque de Sousa, J.A., Beck, T., Bergeijk, P.A.G. van, & Dijk, M.A van. Success and failure of nascent stock markets (working paper)
  • Westerhuis, G., Dul, J., Jong, A. de, & Hak, T. (2012). Success in bank mergers. An application of Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA) in business history [Abstract]. Book of Abstracts, p.31. 16th Annual conference of the European Business History Association congress, Paris, Aug-1 Sep 2012.*

Human factors:



  • Luther, L, Bonfils, K., Firmin, R., Buck, K., Minor, K., Lysaker, P. (2017) Metacognition is Necessary for the Emergence of Motivation in Schizophrenia: A Necessary Condition Analysis. Schizophrenia Bulletin 43(suppl. 1):S224-S224.*
  • Kerwin T, Hittle B, Stredney D, De Boeck P, Wiet G. (2017) Evaluation of a multi-institution mastoidectomy performance instrument. PeerJ Preprints 5:e2954v2.


  • Sumo, R. (2014). Fostering Innovation through Contracting in Inter-Organizational Relationships. PhD thesis, Eindhoven University of Technology. (See Chapter 5: How Contracts and Trust are both Necessary for Innovation in Inter-Organizational Relationships).*
  • Valk, W. van der, Sumo, R., & Dul, J. (2014). How contracts and trust influence innovation in inter-organizational relationships: A necessary condition analysis. In: Editors: H. Badenhorst, et al. 23rd International Purchasing and Supply Education and Research Association Conference (IPSERA 2014), Pretoria, South Africa, 13- 16 April 2014 (pp1-20).*
  • Vries, J. de (2016). Behavioral Operations in Logistics. PhD thesis, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM). Chapter 6: Which Drivers Should Transport Your Cargo? Empirical Evidence from Long-haul Transport.

Human resource management:

  • Rhee, H. van, & Dul, J. The limiting-factor model: AMO-factors as individually necessary and jointly sufficient for behaviour (working paper).*
  • Hauff, S. Guerci, M., Dul J & van Rhee, H. (2017). Is High Performance Without High Performance Work Practices Possible? – A Necessary Condition Analysis (10th Biennial International Conference Dutch HRM Network).*


  • Laan, G. van der, & Dul, J. Corporate social performance: A necessary condition analysis (working paper).*


  • Župić, I. (2017). The growth of high-tech companies: theoretical framework and empirical research. Dissertation, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia.