prof.dr. M.C. (Michaéla) Schippers

Rotterdam School of Management (RSM)
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Fellow ERIM
Field: Logistics & Information Systems
Affiliated since 2003

Michaéla Schippers is Professor of Behaviour and Performance Management at Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands. She holds a PhD from the Psychology Department at the Free University in Amsterdam. Prof. Schippers research interest covers goalsetting, team reflexivity, team performance, academic performance as well as ikigai (i.e. purpose in life), and life goals. She coined the term “life crafting” as a way to optimize performance and happiness. Other research interests include diversity, new ways of working, and social exclusion/inclusion. Her work was published in several leading academic journals, such as  Annual Review of Psychology, Administrative Science Quarterly, Journal of Management, Journal of Management Studies, Personnel Psychology, Academy of Management Learning & Education, Journal of Organizational Behavior, European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, Frontiers in Psychology and Human Relations. Her work was picked up by the media on several occasions. She did interviews with among others CNN, New York Magazine, Oprah Magazine, Eindbazen podcast and NTR radio. A short video of her 2017 inaugural speech can be found here.  The full video is available via click here. Dr. Schippers was a visiting scholar at Harvard Business School. She is also an active member of the EER research database. Dr. Schippers is scientific director of the Erasmus Center of Study and Career Success (E=CS2) and Comenius Senior Fellow. 


  • Academic (38)
    • Hudig, J., Scheepers, A., Schippers, M., & Smeets, G. (2023). Goalsetting is mindsetting: Guided reflection on life goals taps into the plasticity of motivational mindsets. Psychological Reports, 1-22.

    • Hudig, J., Scheepers, A., Schippers, M., & Smeets, G. (2022). Motivational mindsets, mindset churn and academic performance: The role of a goal-setting intervention and purpose in life. Current Psychology, 42(27), 1-20.

    • Hudig, J., Scheepers, A. W. A., Schippers, M. C., & Smeets, G. (2021). Motives for studying and student wellbeing: Validation of the motivational mindset model. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, Article 753987.

    • Freyhofer Alarcon, SA., Ziegler, N., de Jong, E. M., & Schippers, M. C. (2021). Depression and Anxiety in Times of COVID-19: How Coping Strategies and Loneliness Relate to Mental Health Outcomes and Academic Performance. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 682684. Article 682684.

    • van Neerijnen, P., Figge, P., Tempelaar, M. P., & Schippers, M. (2021). Ambidexterity: Size matters! Reflexive climate and organizational TMS’s influence and the contingent effect of size. Journal of Small Business Management. Advance online publication.

    • Schippers, M. C., & Rus, D. C. (2021). Majority Decision-Making Works Best Under Conditions of Leadership Ambiguity and Shared Task Representations. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, Article 519295.

    • Konradt, U., Schippers, M. C., Krys, S., & Fulmer, A. (2021). Teams in Transition: A Three-Wave Longitudinal Study of Reflection, Implicit and Explicit Coordination and Performance Improvements. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, Article 677896.

    • Hudig, J., Scheepers, AWA., Schippers, M., & Smeets, G. (2020). Motivational mindsets and reasons for studying: development and validation of a classification tool. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, Article 535801.

    • de Jong, E. M., Ziegler, N., & Schippers, M. C. (2020). From Shattered Goals to Meaning in Life: Life Crafting in Times of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, Article 577708.

    • Schippers, M. C., Morisano, D., Locke, E. A., Scheepers, A. W. A., Latham, G. P., & de Jong, E. M. (2020). Writing about personal goals and plans regardless of goal type boosts academic performance. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 60, Article 101823.,

    • Schippers, M. C., Rauch, A., Belschak, F. D., & Hulsink, W. (2019). Entrepreneurial Intentions of Teams: Sub-Dimensions of Machiavellianism Interact With Team Resilience. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, Article 2607.,

    • Wessels, C., Schippers, M., Stegmann, S., Bakker, A. B., Baalen, P., & Proper, K. I. (2019). Fostering flexibility in the new world of work: A model of time-spatial job crafting. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, Article 505.

    • Backmann, J., Weiss, M., Schippers, M., & Hoegl, M. (2019). Protective personality factors and student resiliency predicting academic achievement: A multi-wave study on the moderating role of achievement orientation. Learning and Individual Differences, 72, 39-48.

    • Alexiou, A., & Schippers, M. (2018). Digital game elements, user experience and learning: A conceptual framework. Education and Information Technologies, 23(6), 2545-2567.

    • Alexiou, A., Khanagha, S., & Schippers, M. (2018). Productive organizational energy mediates the impact of organizational structure on absorptive capacity. Long Range Planning, 52(2), 155-172.

    • Lee, K. Y., Duffy, M. K., Scott, K. L., & Schippers, M. (2017). The experience of being envied at work: How being envied shapes employee feelings and motivation. Personnel Psychology, 71(2), 181-200.

    • Otte, K-P., Konradt, U., Garbers, Y., & Schippers, M. (2016). Development and validation of the REMINT: a reflection measure for individuals and teams. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 26(2), 299-313.

    • Konradt, U., Otte, K. P., & Schippers, M. (2016). Reflexivity in teams - a review and new perspectives. The Journal of Psychology, 150(2), 153-174.

    • Schippers, M., Scheepers, AWA., & Peterson, J. B. (2015). A scalable goal-setting intervention closes both the gender and minority achievement gap. Palgrave Communications (online), 1, 15014.

    • Konradt, U., Schippers, M., Garbers, Y., & Steenfatt, C. (2015). Effects of guided reflection and feedback on team performance improvement: The role of team regulatory processes and emergent cognitive states. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 24(5), 777-795.

    • Scott, K. L., Tams, S., Schippers, M., & Lee, K. Y. (2015). Opening the black box: Why and when workplace exclusion affects social reconnection behavior, health and attitudes. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 24(2), 239-255. Advance online publication.

    • Schippers, M., West, MA., & Dawson, JF. (2015). Team reflexivity and innovation: The moderating role of team context. Journal of Management, 41(3), 769-788.

    • Scott, K. L., Zagenczyk, T. J., Schippers, M., & Purvis, R. L. (2014). Coworker exclusion and employee outcomes: The moderating role of perceived organizational and social support. Journal of Management Studies, 51(8), 1235-1256.

    • Schippers, M., Edmondson, A. C., & West, M. A. (2014). Team reflexivity as an antidote to team information processing failures. Small Group Research, 45(6), 731-769.

    • Schippers, M. (2013). Social loafing tendencies and team performance: The compensating effect of agreeableness and conscientiousness. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 13(1), 62-81.

    • Schippers, M., Homan, AC., & van Knippenberg, D. (2013). To reflect or not to reflect: Prior team performance as a boundary condition of the effects of reflexivity on learning and final team performance. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 34(1), 6-23.

    • Alexiou, A., Schippers, M., & Oshri, I. (2012). Positive psychology and digital games: the role of emotions and psychological flow in serious games development. Psychology, 3(12A), 1243-1247.

    • Van Lange, PAM., Schippers, M., & Balliet, D. (2011). Who volunteers in psychology experiments? A study of prosocial motivation in volunteering. Personality and Individual Differences, 51(3), 279-285.

    • Schippers, M., & Hogenes, R. (2011). Energy management of people in organizations. Journal of Business and Psychology, 26, 193-203.

    • Nederveen Pieterse, A., van Knippenberg, D., Schippers, M., & Stam, D. (2010). Transformational and transactional leadership and innovative behavior: The moderating role of psychological empowerment. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 31(4), 609-623.

    • Sasovova, Z., Mehra, A., Borgatti, S. P., & Schippers, M. (2010). Network Churn: The Effects of Self-Monitoring Personality on Brokerage Dynamics. Administrative Science Quarterly, 55(4), 639-670.

    • Widmer, PS., Schippers, M., & West, MA. (2009). Recent developments in reflexivity research: A review. Psychology, 2(2), 2-11.

    • Schippers, M., den Hartog, DN., Koopman, PL., & van Knippenberg, D. (2008). The role of transformational leadership in enhancing team reflexivity. Human Relations, 61(11), 1593-1616.

    • van Knippenberg, D., & Schippers, M. (2007). Work group diversity. Annual Review of Psychology, 58, 515-541.

    • Schippers, M., den Hartog, DN., & Koopman, PL. (2007). Reflexivity in teams: A measure and correlates. Applied Psychology, 56(2), 189-211.

    • Schippers, M. (2006). The psychological benefits of superstitious rituals in top sport: A study among top sportspersons. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 36(10), 2532-2553.

    • Schippers, M., den Hartog, DN., Koopman, PL., & Wienk, JA. (2003). Diversity and team outcomes: the moderating effects of outcome interdependence and group longevity and the mediating effect of reflexivity. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24(6), 779-802.

    • den Hartog, DN., Schippers, M., & Koopman, PL. (2002). The impact of leader behavior on trust in management and co-workers. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 28(4), 29-34.

  • Professional (4)
    • Schippers, M. (2012). Why team reflexivity works. RSM Insight, 12(4), 18-19.

    • Baalen, P., Meulen, D., Bouwman, J., & Schippers, M. (2012). Task-location optimization in the Hybrid Workspace. Tijdschrift voor Ergonomie, 37(3), 28-32.

    • Schippers, M., Rook, L., & van de Velde, S. (2011). Crisis performance predictability in supply chains. RSM Insight, 7(3), 10-11.

    • Schippers, M., den Hartog, DN., & Koopman, PL. (2005). Reflexiviteit van teams: Ontwikkeling van een instrument. Gedrag en Organisatie, 18(2), 83-102.

  • Academic (3)
    • De Leeuw, S., Schippers, M., & Hoogervorst, S. (2016). The Fresh Connection: Cross-functional integration in Supply Chain Management. In E. Bendoly, W. VanWezel, & D. G. Bachrach (Eds.), Handbook of Behavioral Operations Management: Social and psychological dynamics in production and service settings Oxford.

    • Schippers, M., West, M. A., & Edmondson, A. C. (2016). Team reflexivity and innovation. In The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of the Psychology of Teamwork and Collaborative Processes Wiley-Blackwell.

    • Schippers, M. (2001). Reflexiviteit als hulpmiddel. In H. Korevaar, Y. Politiek, & P. Spruit (Eds.), Managers en teams Samson.

  • Academic (8)
    • Dolgova, E., & Schippers, M. (2015). Co-evolution of perceptions of competence and friendship in teams: the effect of self-monitoring personality.. Annual Meeting of the International Network for Social Network Analysis (Sunbelt Conference), Brighton, UK.

    • Alexiou, A., Schippers, M., Oshri, I., & Dolgova, E. (2013). Exploring the real potential of serious games: The role of game features and individual differences on user engagement and learning.. EGOS Colloquium, Montreal, Canada.

    • Alexiou, A., Schippers, M., & Oshri, I. (2013). Exploring the learning potential of serious games: The role of game features and individual differences in user engagement and learning.. 29th EGOS (European Group of Organization Studies) Colloquium, Montreal, Canada.

    • Dolgova, E., & Schippers, M. (2012). Birds of a feather 2.0: Is there a personality-based homophily?. NYU Stern Medici Summer School 2012, Florence, Italy.

    • Dolgova, E., & Schippers, M. (2012). The effect of self-monitoring personality and expertise on relationship formation in groups.. European Academy of Management Annual Meeting (EURAM), Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

    • Neerijnen, P., Tempelaar, MP., Schippers, M., & Figge, P. (2012). Creating performance through ambidexterity: The role of a firm’s organizational transactive memory system and organizational reflexive climate. EURAM, Rotterdam, NL.

    • Neerijnen, P., Tempelaar, MP., Schippers, M., & Figge, P. (2012). Creating performance through ambidexterity: The role of a firm’s organizational transactive memory system and organizational reflexive climate. Annual Academy of Management Conference, Boston, USA, included in <i>The Academy of Management Best Paper Proceedings</i>.

    • Neerijnen, P., Schippers, M., Tempelaar, M., & Figge, P. (2012). Creating performance through ambidexterity: The role of an organizational transactive memory system and organizational reflexive climate. Best paper proceedings Academy of Management Conference, Boston, United States..

  • Academic (2)
    • Wessels, C., Schippers, M., & Baalen, P. (2013). "Getting Engaged: It is more than saying 'yes'to your organization. How work engagement and its influencers affect Work-Life Balance and Job Satisfaction and the Moderating Role of Flexibl Working. In Proceedings of EAWOP

    • Schippers, M., & Homan, A. (2009). Breaking the negative performance spiral: The role of reflexivity and team learning. In Best paper proceedings Academy of Management, Chicago

  • Popular (1)
    • Schippers, M. (2017). IKIGAI: Reflection on Life Goals Optimizes Performance and Happiness. Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM). Inaugural Addresses Research in Management Series

  • Role: Member Doctoral Committee
  • PhD Candidate: Nick van der Meulen
  • Time frame: 2011 - 2016
  • Role: Co-promotor
  • PhD Candidate: Christina Wessels
  • Time frame: 2013 - 2017
  • Role: Promotor
  • PhD Candidate: Evgenia Dolgova
  • Time frame: 2007 - 2019
  • Role: Member Doctoral Committee
  • PhD Candidate: Saeedeh Ahmadi
  • Time frame: 2014 - 2019
The evolutionary role of individual and group factors in organizational learning
  • Role: Promotor
  • PhD Candidate: Sebastian Freyhofer
  • Time frame: 2019 -
Explaining the HGFs Growth Process From Two Perspectives: Dynamic Capabilities and Organizational Culture
  • Role: Promotor
  • PhD Candidate: Juan Carlos Martinez Delgado
  • Time frame: 2018 -
Parttime PhD programme
  • Role: Promotor
  • PhD Candidate: Duncan Rooders
  • Time frame: 2018 -
Research Seminar
As: Coordinator
Research Seminar
As: Speaker, Coordinator
Research Seminar
As: Coordinator, Contact
Research Seminar
As: Contact, Coordinator
Research Seminar
As: Coordinator


Visiting address

Office: Mandeville Building T07-10
Burgemeester Oudlaan 50
3062 PA Rotterdam

Postal address

Postbus 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam