The Many Faces of Leadership




In this research presentation Micky Kacmar integrates three published papers in the area of leadership to create an overall model of leadership that outlines how and when leaders effectively influence their subordinates.  The model suggests that the influence of leadership style is not a simple direct effect. Rather, the process is mediated and moderated by a variety of situational variables.  The presentation develops a model that integrates findings from the following articles:

  • Neubert, M., Carlson, D., Kacmar, K.M., Roberts, J., & Chonko, L.  (in press). The far reaching influence of the ethical leader:  From ethical climate and justice to job satisfaction and affective organizational commitment. Journal of Business Ethics.
  • Neubert, M.J., Kacmar, K.M., Carlson, D.S., Chonko, L., &.  Roberts, J. (2008). Regulatory focus as a mediator of the influence of initiating structure and servant leadership on employee behavior. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93, 1220-1233.
  • Kacmar, K.M., Zivnuska, S., & White, C. (2007). Control and exchange:  The impact of work environment on the work effort of low relationship quality employees. Leadership Quarterly, 18, 69-84.

Please email Taco Reus at for a copy of these articles.

K. Michele (Micki) Kacmar (Ph.D., Texas A&M University) is a professor and the Durr-Fillauer Chair of Business Ethics in the Department of Management at the University of Alabama. Before moving to Alabama, she was on the faculties of Florida State University and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Her current research interests include impression management, organizational politics, ethics, leadership, and the work family interface. She has published over 75 articles in journals such as Academy of Management Journal, Journal of Applied Psychology, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, and Human Relations. She served as Editor of the Journal of Management from 2000-2003, as an Associate Editor of the Human Resource Management Journal from 1996-1999, and is currently on the Editorial Boards for Journal of Applied Psychology, Human Resource Management Journal, Journal of Managerial Issues, and Organizational Analysis. She has been both an officer and executive committee member of the HR division of the Academy and served on the Board of Directors of the Society for Human Resource Management Foundation from 1993-2000. She is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association and the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology and the Southern Management Association.
Contact information:

Dr. Taco H. Reus