Cultural Leadership Stereotypes and the Entrepreneurial Process: a Multi-level, Cross-national Study


Ute Stephan
Ute Stephan
  • Speaker
Aston Business School, Aston University

Event Information

Type
Research Seminar
Programme
Strategy & Entrepreneurship
Date
Tue. 22 Jul. 2014
Contact
Niels Rietveld
Time
14:00-15:00 hours
Location
Tinbergen Building H12-30


Abstract

This paper offers a fresh perspective on national culture and entrepreneurship research by exploring the role of charismatic and self-protective Culturally-endorsed implicit Leadership Theories (CLTs) – culturally shared stereotypes of effective, outstanding leaders – on individuals’ engagement in entrepreneurship through a multi-level study of 42 countries and 336,425 individuals. In doing so, we also highlight the usefulness of viewing and measuring entrepreneurship as a process. We find strong and consistent effects of self-protective and charismatic CLTs on entrepreneurial intention, nascent, new and established entrepreneurship. By comparison cultural values, especially uncertainty avoidance and collectivism, only influence entrepreneurship only indirectly – via CLTs, which we suggest are more proximal drivers of cross-national differences in entrepreneurship. Our findings advance comparative entrepreneurship research, and also add to leadership research investigating drivers of the motivation to lead and the emergence of strategic leaders across cultures. 

Niels Rietveld
  • Coordinator